The land stretches from the sea level (Indian Ocean) in the east, to 5,199 meters at the peak of the snow-capped Mount Kenya. From the coast, the altitude changes gradually through the coastal belt and plains (below 152 meters above sea level), the dry intermediate low belt to what is known as the Kenya Highlands (over 900 meters above sea level).

The monotony of terrain in the low belt is broken by residual hills, masses of broken boulders and inselbergs. Settlement is confined to places where water can be found. Wildlife reign over the greater part of the low belt. The famous Amboseli Game Reserve and Tsavo National Parks are situated here.

The Great Rift Valley bisects the Kenyan Highlands into east and west. Mount Kenya is on the eastern side. The Highlands are cool and agriculturally rich where both large and small scale farming is carried out. Kenya’s major cash crops are tea, coffee, pyrethrum, wheat and corn. Livestock farming is also practiced extensively.

The Lake Victoria Basin is dominated by Kano plains which are suited for farming through irrigation. The northern part of Kenya is plain and arid. Pastoralism is the main land use activity. However, a variety of food crops do well through irrigation.

Through the diversity in landscapes, Kenya offers mountains, major lakes and rivers, dry and arid savannahs and spectacular beaches.

Kenya map