When meeting, parting, passing and receiving anything, hands are always shaken. Use the right hand. This applies for rural areas as well as urban areas. If your right hand is occupied, offer your right elbow. Never offer your left hand, as it is used for hygienic purposes. While in the national parks, always follow the park regulations. Do not litter. Do not collect or purchase any bones, skins, horns, teeth, feathers or shells, and on the coast, do not collect coral, shells or starfish.

Ask for permission before taking anyone's photograph. Ask your guides about the local customs in the area you are visiting.

The majority of the population along the coast are Muslim, so avoid revealing clothing. Cover up your shoulders and knees while in this area. Topless and nude bathing are prohibited.

Gay and lesbian travellers should avoid showing affection, as this might cause unwanted attention.
Practised religions in Tanzania include Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and traditional beliefs.

When looking for souvenirs, batiks, wood carvings, Zanzibar handmade wooden chests and Maasai jewellery are among the items worth taking a second look at. Always expect to bargain, as the price first offered will be considerably higher than the real price. During weekdays, most shops are open from 9am to 8pm, often closed for lunch. Also open on Saturdays, some shops do business a few hours on Sundays.

Please do not give sweets and money to the local people. It encourages begging and is demeaning. While on safari, you might find children on the roadside begging for ball pens and money. Bear in mind that if you give them anything, this encourages them to spend their day on the roadside waiting for tourists, instead of going to school or helping their family in the village. If you wish to make a donation, go to the administrators of schools, hospitals etc.